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local history

Local History


Nearly 2,000 years ago, the Romans built Ermine Street running south to north, from London to York. It became one of the most important Roman roads in the country and Royston grew at its intersect with Icknield Way, a prehistoric highway running east to west, from East Anglia to Salisbury Plain.


The custom of erecting crosses at crossroads developed early in the Christian era. The origin of Royston’s cross is unknown, but it has been widely attributed to a Lady Roisia. Records, dating from just after the Norman conquest in 1066, mention several noblewomen by the name of Roisia. The earliest was the wife of William the Conqueror’s steward, who owned extensive land in the area. It is possible that she erected Royston’s cross or restored an existing monument. At that time, no town existed and the area was known as Crux Roisae or Roisia’s Cross.


Following the establishment of the Augustinian Priory here in the 12th century, a market was formed from which a town developed. By the early 14th century, Roisia’s Cross had become Roisia’s Town which eventually contracted to Royston. Dedicated to St John the Baptist and St Thomas of Canterbury, the church and priory buildings gradually expanded until the dissolution of the monasteries nearly 400 years later during the reign of Henry VIII. The stone that formed the base of the cross now stands at the northern end of the High Street.


Royston was also an important place during the reign of King James I. On his journey from Scotland to London to be crowned King in 1603, he stopped in Royston to hunt. The following year he built  palace here and returned frequently. His hunting lodge in Kneesworth Street still partly exists and is now known as the Old Palace.

Home of an ancient crossroad, King James I's hunting palace and a 12th century monastery; the market town of Royston has a long and rich history.


Discover over 40,000 artefacts at Royston Museum, follow the Town Heritage Trail and wander the forest footpaths and chalk tracks of Therfield Heath reserve.

Royston Museum

Royston Museum


With around 20,000 artefacts, and located just a short walk from Royston Cave, delve deeper into Royston’s heritage at Royston Museum. From Stone Age axe heads to Victorian farming equipment and Second World War helmets, uncover centuries of local history.

Royston Museum host regular events, activities and art exhibitions. The museum shop stocks a range of gifts and souvenirs, as well as books and publications on local interests.

Open Fri - Sun

Admission is free

5 Lower King Street

Royston, SG8 5AL

town map
to see

Palace of King James I

On 29 April 1603, while travelling to London to be crowned King of England, James I stopped overnight in Royston. Attracted by the suitability of the area for hunting, in 1604 the king returned to build a hunting lodge in the town. 


The buildings were never extensive enough to cater for a full court but it provided a suitable spot for hunting, near enough to London for convenience and sufficiently far away to deter intrusion. He returned almost every year to hunt and shoot.


It was here in Royston that Lord Monteagle lived, the man who warned James I of the Gunpowder Plot in 1605, and it was here in Royston that James I famously signed Sir Walter Raleigh's death warrant in 1618.

King James' successor, Charles I, visited less frequently. Charles last visited Royston in 1647, as a prisoner of the Parliamentary army during the Civil War. Afterwards, the buildings fell into disrepair. 

Royston Priory and Gardens

Royston's Parish Church was founded as a priory of Augustinian Canons in c.1162. Dedicated to St John the Baptist and St Thomas of Canterbury, the church and priory buildings gradually expanded until the dissolution of the monasteries in 1536 by King Henry VIII.

The attached Priory Gardens have won multiple awards. Seasonal displays of perennials, mature woodland and bedding plants make this an attractive place to walk through or sit and relax. Younger children can enjoy the junior and toddler play areas.

Royston Market

Richard I first awarded Royston a Charter to hold a market in 1189, and it's still trading today! From fruit and veg, to fish, flowers and baked goods, drop by our medieval market and shop its fresh, local produce.

Wednesdays and Saturdays, 08.00 - 15.00

Therfield Heath

A Site of Special Scientific Interest and local nature reserve, wander the woodland footpaths and chalk tracks of Therfield 

Heath and explore its open views.

Once the hunting ground of King James I, today Therfield Heath is a popular spot with dog walkers, birdwatchers and sports teams. 

In late March to early May, discover the rare Pasque flower which grows on the well drained chalky soil of Church Hill. Legend tells that it springs from the blood of dead Vikings!

The Heath contains a long barrow, thought to be Neolithic, and several bronze age round barrows, all of which Historic England classes as scheduled ancient monuments. The Neolithic long barrow on Therfield Heath is the oldest standing monument in Hertfordshire.

Maps & Resources

Our town map shows the location of our car parks, Information Centre and attractions.

Royston Cave has no on-site toilet facilities. Nearby toilets are available as part of our community toilet scheme.

Royston Cave has no on-site parking. There are six public car parks in Royston.

Heritage Trail


Discover Royston's fascinating past on this guided walk around Royston Town Centre.  


Starting at the church, a medieval priory until its dissolution by Henry VIII, follow 31 trail markers around town, taking in sites such as: Dead Street, named after the number of people living there who died from the Plague; King James I hunting palace; the ancient crossroad; and site of the medieval leper hospital.

Or pick up a printed trail guide from Royston Museum.

Feeling peckish? Stop for coffee, lunch or beer at one of Royston's many eateries, including the 15th century Bull Inn. In fact, why not stay the weekend? Make the most of your visit and give yourself time to explore.

heritage trail
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